Name: 
 

Fitness Concepts



Multiple Choice
Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 1. 

The Fitness principle (Concept) that implies that exercising a certain part or component of the body develops primarily that part is:
a.
Intensity
b.
Overload
c.
Progression
d.
Specificity
e.
Duration
 

 2. 

The Fitness principle (Concept) that advocates increasing the workload to increase fitness, is referred to as:
a.
Intensity
b.
Overload
c.
Progression
d.
Specificity
e.
Duration
 

 3. 

What Strength Training phase is best for people who only want to build muscle tone and durability?
a.
Phase I - Endurance
b.
Phase II - Strength
c.
Phase III - Power
d.
Phase IV - Individualized
e.
Phase V - All Phases
 

 4. 

The Fitness principle (Concept) that advocates a gradual systematic increase of the workload over a period of time is referred to as:
a.
Progression
b.
Frequency
c.
Overload
d.
Intensity
e.
None of the above
 

 5. 

The principle of motor development that implies that students will develop fundamental motor skills only if their bodies and physiological systems are sufficiently developed is:
a.
Progression
b.
Specificity
c.
Individuality
d.
Readiness
e.
Resistance
 

 6. 

What Strength Training phase was once prescribed for all types of athletes, regardless of their individuality or sport?
a.
Phase I - Endurance
b.
Phase II - Strength
c.
Phase III - Power
d.
Phase IV - Individualized
e.
Phase V - All Phases
 

 7. 

The Fitness principle (Concept) that states the body needs to  be physiologically prepared prior to vigorous physical exertion referred to as:
a.
Warm-up and Cool-down
b.
Adaptation
c.
Progression
d.
Duration
e.
Resistance
 

 8. 

What Strength Training phase itakes into consideration the athletes sport or activity before any routine or resistance program is designed?
a.
Phase I - Endurance
b.
Phase II - Strength
c.
Phase III - Power
d.
Phase IV - Individualized
e.
Phase V - All Phases
 

 9. 

The physical education principal (concept) that implies that everyone learns motor skills at different rates and in different ways is:
a.
Readiness
b.
Specificity
c.
Adaptation
d.
Individuality
e.
Variation
 

 10. 

The principle of physical education that implies that students will master motor skills only if their bodies and physiological systems are sufficiently developed is:
a.
Individuality
b.
Readiness
c.
Progression
d.
Specificity
e.
Resistance
 

 11. 

The Fitness principle (Concept) that implies that one must continue to participate in physical activity in order to retain current fitness levels is:
a.
Readiness
b.
Adaptation
c.
Long-term training
d.
Reversibility
e.
Warm-up and Cool-down
 

 12. 

What Strength Training phase is designed to build explosive strength for explosive type activities/sports?
a.
Phase I - Endurance
b.
Phase II - Strength
c.
Phase III - Power
d.
Phase IV - Individualized
e.
Phase V - All Phases
 

 13. 

The Fitness principle (Concept) that implies that the body’s fitness level increases or decreases in order to adjust to increased or decreased physical demands is:
a.
Overload
b.
Progression
c.
Adaptation
d.
Specificity
e.
Intensity
 

 14. 

The Fitness principle (Concept) that advocates changing physical activity and exercise routines to avoid boredom and overcome plateaus in fitness improvement is:
a.
Variation
b.
Individuality
c.
Overload
d.
Progression
e.
Long-term training
 

 15. 

The Fitness principle (Concept) that implies that everyone responds to physical activity and training differently is:
a.
Progression
b.
Readiness
c.
Individuality
d.
Specificity
e.
Adaptation
 

Matching
 
 
Match the Principle (Fitness Concept) with the description
a.
Principle of Readiness
b.
Principle of Individual Response
c.
Principle of Adaptation
d.
Principle of Overload
e.
Principle of Progression
f.
Principle of Specificity
g.
Principle of Variation
h.
Principle of Warm-up and Cool-down
i.
Principle of Reversibility
 

 16. 

Training to meet particular demands
 

 17. 

Putting greater demands on the body
 

 18. 

Changing activities
 

 19. 

Uniqueness of the Individual
 

 20. 

Not beginning or ending vigorous exercise abruptly
 

 21. 

Pacing the overload or the exposure to new learning
 

 22. 

Maturation of the student
 

 23. 

Adjustment to overload
 

 24. 

The lose of training gains - use it or lose it
 



 
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